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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3789 - ὄφις

Transliteration
óphis
Phonetics
of'-is  
Word Origin
probably from (3700) (through the idea of sharpness of vision)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
5:566,748
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. snake, serpent
  2. with the ancients, the serpent was an emblem of cunning and wisdom. The serpent who deceived Eve was regarded by the Jews as the devil.
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 660 ‑ אֶפְעֶה (ef‑eh');  5175 ‑ נָחָשׁ (naw‑khawsh');  8314 ‑ שָׂרָף (saw‑rawf');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (14) NAS (14) HCS (14)
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 2
John 1
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Revelation 5
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 2
John 1
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Revelation 5
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 2
John 1
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Revelation 5
BYZ TIS TR
N-APM 1
N-ASM 4
N-DPM 1
N-GPM 4
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 3
N-VPM 1
N-ASM 3
N-DPM 1
N-GPM 2
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 4
N-APM 1
N-ASM 4
N-DPM 1
N-GPM 2
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 3
N-VPM 1
NA WH
N-APM 1
N-ASM 3
N-DPM 1
N-GPM 1
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 4
N-APM 1
N-ASM 3
N-DPM 1
N-GPM 3
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 2
N-NSM 4
N-VPM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὄφις, ὁ,

gen. ὄφεως, poet. also ὄφεος E. Supp. 703, Ba. 1026, 1331; Dor. and Ion. ὄφιος Hes. Th. 322, Hdt. 9.81, Arat. 82:

1. serpent, αἰόλος Il. 12.208; γλαυκῶπα ποικιλόνωτον ὄφιν Pi. P. 4.249, cf. A. Ch. 544, S. Ph. 1328, Hdt. 8.41, Pl. Phd. 112d, R. 358b, etc.; ὁ ψυχρὸς ὄ. Theoc. 15.58; equiv. to δράκων in Hes. Th. 322, 825: metaph., πτηνὸν ἀργηστὴν ὄφιν, of an arrow, A. Eu. 181.

II

1. like δράκων, a serpent-like bracelet, Men. 387, Nicostr. Com. 33, Philostr. 22; ὄφεις is Att. for ψέλλια acc. to Moer. p.288 P.

2. τρικάρηνος ὄ. ὁ χάλκεος dedicated at Delphi (= SIG 31), Hdt. 9.81.

III the constellation Serpens, Arat. 82, Eudox. ap. Hipparch. 1.2.18. a creeping plant, Hp. Mul. 2.114. a kind of fish, v. ὀφίδιον 11. guinea-worm (elsewh. δρακόντιον), Ruf. Interrog. 65. = ὀφίασις I, Cels. 6.4, Poll. 4.192. [The first syll. is sts. made long in the older Poets, αἰόλον ὄφιν Il. 12.208, cf. Hippon. 49.6; so ὀφιοέσσης Antim. 78. It was then pronounced (and perh. written) ὄπφις, ὀπφιοέσσης, v. Eust. Il. l.c. The ult. of the nom. and acc. ὄφις, ὄφιν is commonly long, as in Hes. Th. 334, A. Ch. 928, A.R. 2.1269, Mosch. 4.22; short only in later Poets, as A.R. 4.128, 1398, Arat. 578.]

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὄφις, ὀφισεως, (perhaps named from its sight; cf. δράκων, at the beginning, and see Curtius, as under the word ὀφθαλμός); from Homer, Iliad 12, 208 down; the Sept. mostly for נָחָשׁ; a snake, serpent: Matthew 7:10; Mark 16:18; Luke 10:19; Luke 11:11; John 3:14; 1 Corinthians 10:9; Revelation 9:19; with the ancients the serpent was an emblem of cunning and wisdom, 2 Corinthians 11:3, cf. Genesis 3:1; hence, φρόνιμοι ὡς οἱ ὄφεις, Matthew 10:16 (here WH marginal reading ὄφις); hence, crafty hypocrites are called ὄφεις, Matthew 23:33. The serpent narrated to have deceived Eve (see Gen. as above) was regarded by the later Jews as the devil (Sap. ii., 23f, cf. 4 Macc. 18:8); hence, he is called ὄφις ἀρχαῖος, ὄφις: Revelation 12:9, 14; Revelation 20:2; see (Grimm on Sap. as above; From Lenormant, Beginnings of History etc., chapter ii., p. 109f, and) δράκων.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὄφις , -εως , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H5175;]

a serpent, snake: Matthew 7:10 Mark 16:18, Luke 10:19; Luke 11:11, John 3:14, 1 Corinthians 10:9, Revelation 9:19; as typical of wisdom and cunning, Matthew 10:16; Matthew 23:23, 2 Corinthians 11:3 (cf. Genesis 31:1-55); of Satan (cf. Genesis 3:1, Wisdom of Solomon 2:23-24, 4 Maccabees 18:8), Revelation 12:9; Revelation 12:14; Revelation 12:11; Revelation 20:2.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

παραμυθία in its only occurrence in the NT, 1 Corinthians 14:3 (cf. Sap 19.12), refers to spiritual ";encouragement"; or ";comfort."; J. Weiss ad l. thinks that the idea may be derived from the tales which a mother or nurse relates to a child : cf. 1 Thessalonians 2:11 and MGr παραμύθι, ";fable,"; ";tale."; In the Christian P Oxy X. 1298.2 (iv/A.D.) the writer addresses his correspondent as—παραμυθίᾳ τῶν φίλων, ";the consolation of his friends"; : cf. P Thead 17.17 (A.D. 332). In BGU IV. 1024vii. 12 ff., a long legal report of the end of iv/A.D., we read of an old woman who sold her daughter πορνοβοσκῷ, ἵνα δυνηθῶ διατραφῆναι. The girl is murdered, and the mother demands that the murderer πα ̣ρ ̣α ̣σ ̣χεῖν α ̣ὐτῇ εἰς λόγον δ ̣ι ̣α ̣τροφῶν ο ̣̔̓λ ̣ι ̣[γ ]ην τινὰ τοῦ βίου παραμυθίαν. The word seems to have developed into the ";comforts"; of life, as with us—it is at any rate ";consolation"; in a money form that is suggested. Cf. the late use of the word = ";gratuity"; (Lat. solatium) in P Lond V. 1785.5 (vii/A.D.), and its technical use in monetary transactions, as illustrated in P Hamb I. p. 128 n.1.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
όφει οφεις οφείς όφεις ὄφεις οφεσιν όφεσιν ὄφεσιν οφεων όφεων ὄφεων οφεως όφεως ὄφεως οφιν όφιν ὄφιν οφις όφις ὄφις opheis ópheis opheon opheōn ópheon ópheōn opheos opheōs ópheos ópheōs ophesin óphesin ophin óphin ophis óphis
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