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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4199 - πορθέω

Word Origin
prolongation from pertho (to sack)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to destroy, overthrow
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (3) NAS (3) HCS (3)
Acts 1
Galatians 2
Acts 1
Galatians 2
Acts 1
Galatians 2
V-IAI-1S 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-IAI-1S 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-IAI-1S 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-IAI-1S 1
V-IAI-3S 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


collat. form of πέρθω (more used in Prose),

destroy, ravage, plunder, πόλεας καὶ τείχεα Il. 4.308; ἀνδρῶν ἀγρούς Od. 14.264; τοὺς χώρους Hdt. 3.58; πόλιν A. Th. 583, etc.; Φοινίκην Isoc. 9.62; τὴν Σελλασίαν ἔκαον καὶ ἐπόρθουν X. HG 6.5.27; τὴν ἤπειρον Th. 8.57; τὴν χώραν λεηλατῆσαι καὶ τὴν πόλιν πορθῆσαι D.S. 12.34; π. ἐκ τῶν ἱερῶν τὰ ἀγάλματα Ath. 12.523b: Pass., πᾶν τὸ ἄστυ ἐπορθέετο Hdt. 1.84; ὅλης τῆς Ἑλλάδος πεπορθημένης Isoc. 10.49; τἀργύρια πορθεῖται is carried off, Eup. 155 .

2. in pres. and impf., sts. endeavour to destroy, besiege a town, Hdt. 1.162, Decr. ap. D. 18.164, D.S. 12.34, 15.4 .

3. of persons, destroy, ruin, θεοὺς τοὺς ἐγγενεῖς A. Th. 583; φίλους E. Fr. 605: abs., do havoc, Id. Andr. 633: esp. in Pass., αὐτοὶ ὑφ' αὑτῶν . . πορθούμεθα. A. Th. 194; κατ' ἄκρας . . ὡς πορθούμεθα Id. Ch. 691; of women, κόραι βία πρὸς ἀνδρῶν πορθούμεναι E. Ph. 565; σκόροδα πορθούμενος robbed of them, Com. phrase in Ar. Ach. 164 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πορθέω: imperfect ἐπόρθουν; 1 aorist participle πορθήσας; (πέρθω, πεπορθα, to lay waste); from Homer down; to destroy, to overthrow (R. V. uniformly to make havock): τινα, Acts 9:21; τήν ἐκκλησίαν, Galatians 1:13; τήν πίστιν, ibid. 23.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** πορθέω ,

collat. form (in cl. chiefly poët.) of πέρθω ,

[in LXX: 4 Maccabees 4:23; 4 Maccabees 11:4 *;]

to destroy, ravage: Acts 9:21, Galatians 1:13; Galatians 1:23.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The phrase χωρὶς προκρίματος, ";without prejudgment"; in 1 Timothy 5:21, the only occurrence of πρόκριμα in the Greek Bible, occurs ter in P Flor I. 68 (A.D. 172), e.g..13 μετέλα ]β ̣ο ̣ν [τ ]ο ̣ύτου τὸ ἴσον ὡς [κ ]αθήκει χωρὶς προκρίμμ ̣ατος μένοντός μοι τοῦ [λόγου. . .. For the corresponding verb (only Sap 7.8 in Greek Bible), cf. P Oxy III. 472.7 (c. A.D. 130) θάνατον τοῦ ζῆν προκρείναντες, ";preferring death to life,"; and Syll.3 783.20 (B.C. 27) τῆς κατ᾽ οἶκον ὠ [φε ]λίας τὸν δημόσιον κόσμον προκρείνας.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επορθει επόρθει ἐπόρθει επορθουν επόρθουν ἐπόρθουν πορθησας πορθήσας eporthei epórthei eporthoun epórthoun porthesas porthēsas porthḗsas
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