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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4334 - προσέρχομαι

Transliteration
prosérchomai
Phonetics
pros-er'-khom-ahee  
Word Origin
from (4314) and (2064) (including its alternate)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
2:683,257
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to come to, approach
  2. draw near to
  3. to assent to
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 935 ‑ בּוֹא (bo);  1481 ‑ גּוּר (goor);  1980 ‑ הָלַךְ (haw‑lak');  3259 ‑ יָעַד (yaw‑ad');  5027 ‑ נָבַט (naw‑bat');  5066 ‑ נָגַשׁ (naw‑gash');  5674 ‑ עָבַר (aw‑bar');  6030 ‑ עָנָה (aw‑naw');  6293 ‑ פָּגַע (paw‑gah');  7126 ‑ קָרַב (kaw‑rab');  7284 ‑ רְגַשׁ (reg‑ash');  7725 ‑ שׁוּב (shoob);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (86) NAS (88) HCS (85)
Matthew 49
Mark 5
Luke 10
John 1
Acts 11
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 7
1 Peter 1
Matthew 51
Mark 5
Luke 10
John 1
Acts 10
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 7
1 Peter 1
Matthew 51
Mark 5
Luke 10
John 1
Acts 10
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 6
1 Peter 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-2AAI-3P 17
V-2AAI-3S 7
V-2AAM-2S 1
V-2AAP-GPM 1
V-2AAP-NPF 1
V-2AAP-NPM 19
V-2AAP-NSF 2
V-2AAP-NSM 25
V-2RAI-2P 2
V-INI-3P 1
V-PNI-3P 2
V-PNI-3S 1
V-PNN 2
V-PNP-APM 2
V-PNP-ASM 1
V-PNP-GSM 2
V-PNP-NPM 2
V-PNS-1P 2
V-2AAI-3P 17
V-2AAI-3S 7
V-2AAM-2S 1
V-2AAP-GPM 1
V-2AAP-NPF 1
V-2AAP-NPM 14
V-2AAP-NSF 1
V-2AAP-NSM 20
V-2RAI-2P 2
V-INI-3P 1
V-PNI-3P 2
V-PNI-3S 1
V-PNN 1
V-PNP-APM 2
V-PNP-ASM 1
V-PNP-GSM 2
V-PNP-NPM 2
V-2AAI-3P 17
V-2AAI-3S 7
V-2AAM-2S 1
V-2AAP-GPM 1
V-2AAP-NPF 1
V-2AAP-NPM 17
V-2AAP-NSF 2
V-2AAP-NSM 23
V-2RAI-2P 2
V-INI-3P 1
V-PNI-3P 2
V-PNI-3S 1
V-PNN 2
V-PNP-APM 2
V-PNP-ASM 1
V-PNP-GSM 2
V-PNP-NPM 2
V-PNS-1P 2
NA WH
V-2AAI-3P 11
V-2AAI-3S 8
V-2AAM-2S 1
V-2AAP-GPM 1
V-2AAP-NPF 1
V-2AAP-NPM 19
V-2AAP-NSF 2
V-2AAP-NSM 24
V-2RAI-2P 2
V-INI-3P 1
V-PNI-3P 2
V-PNI-3S 1
V-PNN 1
V-PNP-APM 2
V-PNP-ASM 1
V-PNP-GSM 2
V-PNP-NPM 2
V-PNS-1P 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

προσέρχομαι,

impf. -ηρχόμην Th. 4.121 (unless fr. προσάρχομαι ): fut. -ελεύσομαι Plb. 21.14.6 (but the Att. impf. and fut. are commonly προσῄειν, πρόσειμι, q.v.): aor. -ήλυθον, -ῆλθον: pf. -ελήλυθα: —

come or go to, c. dat., A. Eu. 285, S. OC 1104, etc.; π. Σωκράτει visit him as teacher, X. Mem. 1.2.47; τινὶ ὥσπερ ἀθλητῇ Th.l.c. (v. προσάρχομαι ) ; αἷς ἂν προσέλθω [γυναιξί ] X. Smp. 4.38: c. dat. loci, δόμοις, ἀκταῖς, A. Eu. 474, E. Hel. 1539: c. acc. loci, πεσσούς, δῶμα, βωμούς, Id. Med. 68, 1205, Alc. 171: rarely c. acc. pers., ἐπειδὴ τοὺς πρυτάνεις προσήλθομεν Aristomen. 4: with Preps. governing acc., π. πρὸς τὸ ἄγγος Hdt. 2.121 . β; πρὸς Απολλώνιον PCair.Zen. 375.4 (iii B.C.): with Advbs., π. δεῦρο S. Aj. 1171, etc.; πέλας π. μου E. Andr. 589, cf. S. Tr. 1076, etc.; ἐγγύθεν, ὄπισθεν, Pl. Plt. 289d, R. 327b; ὅπῃ π. χρή ib. 493b: abs., approach, draw nigh, Hdt. 1.86, etc.; opp. ἀπέρχομαι, ib. 199; of pain, pleasure, etc., to be nigh at hand, S. Ph. 788, E. Or. 859 .

2. in hostile sense, attack, π. πρὸς τοὺς ἱππέας X. Cyr. 6.2.16 .

3. come in, surrender, capitulate, Th. 3.59 .

4. come forward to speak, π. τῷ δήμῳ D. 18.13; πρὸς τὸν δῆμον Aeschin. 3.220; πρὸς ὑμᾶς D. 22.69, 24.176; πρὸς τοὺς ἱερομνήμονας SIG 419.6 (Delph., iii B.C. ), cf. 613.24 (ibid., ii B.C. ), al.; π. πολιτείᾳ enter political life, Plu. Cat.Mi. 12; π. πρὸς τὰ κοινά come forward in public, D. 18.257; π. πρὸς τὸ πολιτεύεσθαι, πρὸς τὴν πολιτείαν, Din. 1.111 (v.l. εἰς ), 2.15; πρὸς τὴν πόλιν D. 58.30; π. πρὸς ἓν πρᾶγμα ἴδιον Id. 32.32; ὑμῖν (sc. Ἀθηναίοις ) Id. 25.42; ἐπὶ τοὺς συμμάχους X. HG 6.3.3 .

5. appear before a tribunal, προσελθὼν εἶπεν BGU 587.2 (ii A.D.), cf. PAmh. 2.66.43 (ii A.D.); π. τῷ δικαστηρίῳ κατ' αὐτοῦ PSI 1.41.18 (iv A.D.); approach an official, π. διὰ βιβλιδίων τῷ λαμπροτάτῳ ἡγεμόνι BGU 614.12 (iii A.D.); π. τοῖς θεοῖς in supplication, D.C. 56.9 .

6. π. τῇ φιλοσοφίᾳ, τοῖς νόμοις, apply oneself to . ., Philostr. VA 3.18, D.S. 1.95; ἐπεὶ προσῆλθον ἀγορασμῷ ἢ καὶ ὑποθήκῃ κλήρου κατοικικοῦ BGU 650.6 (i A.D.); ἐξ οὗ χρόνου προσῆλθεν ἕκαστος τῇ μισθώσει ib. 1047 iv 6 (ii A.D.); π. τῇ τούτου κληρονομίᾳ enter upon his inheritance, POxy. 76.22 (ii A.D.), cf. 907.5 (iii A.D.), etc.; have recourse to, τοῖς ἀνασκευαστικωτέροις Sor. 2.50 .

7. of things, to be added, Arist. GC 321b27, GA 723a13 .

II come in, of revenue, Hdt. 7.144, Lys. 30.20, X. Mem. 3.6.12 . III have sexual intercourse, Hp. Epid. 6.3.14 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

προσέρχομαι; imperfect 3 person plural προσήρχοντο (Acts 28:9); (future 3 person singular προσελεύσεται, Luke 1:17 WH marginal reading); 2 aorist 3 person plural προσῆλθον and (so L Tr WH in Matthew 9:28; Matthew 13:36; Matthew 14:15; T Tr WH in Matthew 5:1; Luke 13:31; WH in Matthew 19:3; Matthew 21:23; John 12:21) in the Alex. form προσῆλθαν (see ἀπέρχομαι, and ἔρχομαι); perfect προσελήλυθα (Hebrews 12:18, 22); from Aeschylus and Herodotus down; the Sept. for קָרַב and נָגַשׁ; to come to, to approach (πρός, IV. 1);

a. properly, absolutely, Matthew 4:11; Luke ( WH marginal reading); ; Acts 8:29; Acts 28:9; προσῆλθον λέγοντες, Luke 13:31; with rhetorical fullness of description (see ἀνίστημι, II. 1 c. (also ἔρχομαι, p. 250b bottom)) the participle προσελθών is joined to a finite verb which denotes a different action: Matthew 8:2 L T Tr WH, Matthew 8:19, 25; Matthew 9:20; Matthew 13:10, 27; Matthew 14:12; Matthew 15:12, 23; Matthew 16:1; Matthew 17:7 (R, G); T Tr WH marginal reading (according to a reading no doubt corrupt (cf. Scrivener, lntroduction, p. 16)), ; ; Mark 1:31; Mark 10:2; Mark 12:28; (Mark 14:35 Tr WH marginal reading); Luke 7:14; Luke 8:24, 44; Luke 9:12, 42; Luke 10:34; Luke 20:27; Luke 23:36; Acts 22:26f; προσέρχομαι followed by an infinitive indicating the reason why one has drawn near, Matthew 24:1; Acts 7:31; Acts 12:13 (here WH marginal reading προηλθε); with a dative of the place (examples from Greek authors are given in Passow, under the word, 1 a., p. 1190a; (Liddell and Scott, under the word, I. 1)), Hebrews 12:18, 22; with the dative of a person (see Lexicons as above), Matthew 5:1; Matthew 8:5; Matthew 9:14, 28; Matthew 13:36; Matthew 14:15; Matthew 15:1, 30; Matthew 17:14, 24; Matthew 18:1; Matthew 19:3; Matthew 20:20; Matthew 21:14, 23; Matthew 22:23; Matthew 24:3; Matthew 26:7, 17, 69; John 12:21; Acts 10:28; Acts 18:2; Acts 24:23 Rec.; (with ἐπί and the accusative Acts 20:13 Tr WH marginal reading). The participle προσελθών αὐτῷ with a finite verb (see above) occurs in Matthew 4:3; Matthew 18:21; Matthew 21:28, 30; Matthew 26:49; Matthew 27:58; Mark 6:35; Mark 14:45; Luke 20:27; Luke 23:52; Acts 9:1; Acts 23:14.

b. tropically, α. προσέρχεσθαι τῷ Θεῷ, to draw near to God in order to seek his grace and favor, Hebrews 7:25; Hebrews 11:6; τῷ θρόνῳ τῆς χάριτος, Hebrews 4:16; without τῷ Θεῷ, Hebrews 10:1, 22 (in the O. T. προσέρχεσθαι, simply, is used of the priests about to offer sacrifices, Leviticus 21:17, 21; Deuteronomy 21:5; with the addition of πρός Θεόν, of one about to ask counsel of God, 1 Samuel 14:36; with τοῖς θεοῖς, of suppliants about to implore the gods, Dio Cassius, 56, 9); πρός Χριστόν, to attach oneself to Christ, to come to a participation in the benefits procured by him, 1 Peter 2:4 (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 52, 3). β. equivalent to to assent to (cf. German beitreten (Latinaccedere; English come (over) to, used figuratively)): ὑγιαίνουσι λόγοις, 1 Timothy 6:3 (Tdf. προσέχεται, which see 3).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

προσ -έρχομαι ,

[in LXX for H7126, H5066, etc.;]

to approach, draw near: absol., Matthew 4:11, Luke 9:42, al.; c. infin., Matthew 24:1, al.; c. dat. loc., Hebrews 12:18; Hebrews 12:22; dat. pers., Matthew 5:1, and freq., John 12:21, al.; ptcp., προσελθών , c. indic., Matthew 8:2, and freq., Mark 1:31, Luke 7:14, al.; Papyri αὐτῷ , c. indic., Matthew 4:3, Mark 6:35,

Metaph.,

(a) of approaching God: absol. (Leviticus 21:17, Deuteronomy 21:5, al.), Hebrews 10:1; Hebrews 10:22; τ . θεῷ , Hebrews 7:25; Hebrews 11:6; τ . θρόνῳ τ . χάριτος , Hebrews 4:16; πρὸς Χριστόν , 1 Peter 2:4;

(b) in sense not found elsewhere (Field, Notes, 211), to consent to: ὑγιαίνουσι λόγοις , 1 Timothy 6:3.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";crouching,"; ";cringing,"; hence ";a beggar,"; was always used in a bad sense until it was ennobled by the Gospels. It occurs in P Petr III. 36 (a) recto.17, .18 (Ptol.) along with its comparative, but unfortunately in a very broken context : see also ib. 140.1 (private accounts) πτώχωι ν ¯, γνάφει ο ¯. In Galatians 4:9 the translation ";beggarly"; is not very happy; the πτωχὰ στοιχεῖα are such that there is ";nothing in them";—no one is the better for them : see Westcott St. Paul and Justification, p. 81. MGr φτωχός, ";poor.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ἐλθὼν προελθόντες προσελεύσεται προσελεύσονται προσελεύσονταί προσεληλυθατε προσεληλύθατε προσέλθατε Προσελθε Πρόσελθε προσέλθετε προσέλθη προσέλθης προσελθοντες προσελθόντες προσελθόντι προσελθοντων προσελθόντων προσελθουσα προσελθούσα προσελθοῦσα προσελθουσαι προσελθούσαι προσελθοῦσαι προσέλθωμεν προσελθων προσελθών προσελθὼν προσέλθων πρόσελθων προσέλθωσιν προσερχεσθαι προσέρχεσθαι προσερχεται προσέρχεται προσερχομενοι προσερχόμενοι προσερχομενον προσερχόμενον προσερχομενου προσερχομένου προσερχομενους προσερχομένους προσερχονται προσέρχονται προσερχωμεθα προσερχώμεθα προσέτι προσηλθαν προσῆλθαν προσῆλθάν προσήλθατέ προσήλθε προσηλθεν προσήλθεν προσῆλθεν προσήλθετε προσήλθομεν προσηλθον προσήλθον προσήλθόν προσῆλθον προσήλθοσαν προσηρχοντο προσήρχοντο elthon elthōn elthṑn proelthontes proelthóntes proseleluthate proselēluthate proselelythate proselelýthate proselēlythate proselēlýthate proselthan prosêlthan prosêlthán prosēlthan prosē̂lthan prosē̂lthán Proselthe Próselthe proselthen prosêlthen prosēlthen prosē̂lthen proselthon proselthōn proselthṑn prosêlthon prosēlthon prosē̂lthon proselthontes proselthóntes proselthonton proselthontōn proselthónton proselthóntōn proselthousa proselthoûsa proselthousai proselthoûsai proserchesthai prosérchesthai proserchetai prosérchetai proserchomenoi proserchómenoi proserchomenon proserchómenon proserchomenou proserchoménou proserchomenous proserchoménous proserchometha proserchōmetha proserchṓmetha proserchontai prosérchontai proserchonto prosērchonto prosḗrchonto
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