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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4418 - πτέρνα

Transliteration
ptérna
Phonetics
pter'-nah  
Word Origin
of uncertain derivation
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the heel (of the foot)
  2. to lift up the heel against one
    1. to injure one by trickery (figure borrowed either from kicking, or from a wrestler tripping up his antagonist)
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6119 ‑ עִקְּבָה (aw‑kabe', ik‑keb‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
John 1
John 1
John 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASF 1
N-ASF 1
N-ASF 1
NA WH
N-ASF 1
N-ASF 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πτέρνη ( Hp. Art. 3 , Epid. 5.48 , Phot. ), later πτέρνᾰ ( Lyc. 500, LXX Genesis 3:15 , etc.), , heel , Il. 22.397 , Hp.Il.cc., Arist. HA 494b7; under part of the heel , A. Ch. 209 (pl.); heel-bone , Gal. 2.776, al.: prov., εἴπερ τὸν ἐγκέφαλον . . μὴ ἐν ταῖς π. φορεῖτε D. 7.45 .

2. hoof , LXX Jd. 5.22 .

3. heel of a shoe, Herod. 7.21 , Phryn. PS p.69B.

4. footstep , LXX Ca. 1.8 .

II metaph., foot or lower part of anything, πύργων Lyc. 442; τῆς μηχανῆς Plb. 8.6.2; of a mast, Asclep.Myrl. ap. Ath. 11.474f (but, waist of a ship, Hero *Stereom. 2.52).

2. butt-end of the ἀγκών of a torsion-engine, Ph. Bel. 59.30 , 66.2; of a surgical machine, Orib. 49.4.9 ,al.

III ham (mock Epicism formed from Lat. perna ), Batr. 37; f.l. for πέρνα in Aët. 15.15 , Paul.Aeg. 7.17.74 ( πέρνα correctly in 4.32 ).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πτέρνα, πτέρνης, , the heel (of the foot): ἐπαίρειν τήν πτέρναν ἐπί τινα, to lift up the heel against one, i. e. dropping the figure (which is borrowed either from kicking, or from a wrestler tripping up his antagonist), to injure one by trickery, John 13:18 after Psalm 40:10 (). (Often in Greek writings from Homer down; the Sept. for עָקֵב.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πτέρνα , -ης , ,

[in LXX for H6119;]

the heel: fig., ἐπαίρειν τὴν Papyri ἐπί , John 13:18 (LXX).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
επτέρνικε επτερνίσαμέν επτέρνισε πτερά πτέρναι πτέρναις πτερναν πτέρναν πτέρνας πτέρνη πτέρνης πτερνιεί πτερνιζετέ πτερνίζετε πτερνισμόν πτερνισμώ πτεροίς πτεροφυήσουσιν pternan ptérnan
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