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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5331 - φαρμακεία

Word Origin
from (5332)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the use or the administering of drugs
  2. poisoning
  3. sorcery, magical arts, often found in connection with idolatry and fostered by it
  4. metaph. the deceptions and seductions of idolatry
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3785 ‑ כֶּשֶׁף (keh'‑shef);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (3) NAS (3) HCS (3)
Galatians 1
Revelation 2
Galatians 1
Revelation 2
Galatians 1
Revelation 2

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φαρμᾰκ-είᾱ, ἡ,

use of drugs, esp. of purgatives, Hp. Aph. 1.24, 2.36 (both pl.), PCair.Zen. 18.5 (iii B. C.), Gal. 15.447, etc.; αἱ ἄνω φ., i. e. emetics, Arist. Pr. 962a3; of abortifacients, Sor. 1.59: generally, the use of any kind of drugs, potions, or spells, Pl. Lg. 933b: pl., Id. Prt. 354a, Ti. 89b, Men. 535.9.

2. poisoning or witchcraft, D. 40 57, Plb. 6.13.4, POxy. 486.21 (ii A. D.); αἱ περὶ τὰς φαρμακείας, = αἱ φαρμακίδες, Arist. HA 572a22.

II metaph., remedy, παιδιὰς προσάγειν φαρμακείας χάριν Id. Pol. 1337b41.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

φαρμακεία (WH κια, so T (except in Galatians 5:20; cf. the Proleg., p. 88); see Iota), φαρμακείας, (φαρμακεύω);

a. the use or the administering of drugs (Xenophon, mem. 4, 2, 17).

b. poisoning (Plato, Polybius, others): Revelation 9:21 (here WH text Tr marginal reading φαρμακῶν; many interpretations refer the passage to the next entry).

c. sorcery, magical arts, often found in connection with idolatry and fostered by it: Galatians 5:20 (where see Lightfoot) (Wis. 12:4 Wis. 18:13; for כְּשָׁפִים, Isaiah 47:9; for לָטִים, Exodus 7:22; Exodus 8:18; for לְהָטִים, Exodus 7:11); tropically, of the deceptions and seductions of idolatry, Revelation 18:23.

STRONGS NT 5331: φάρμακον [φάρμακον, φαρμάκου, τό, from Homer down, a drug; an enchantment: Tr marginal reading WH text in Revelation 9:21 (R. V. sorceries), for φαρμακεία, which see (in b.).]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φαρμακία (Rec. -εία ), -ας ,

(< φαρμακεύω , to administer drugs),

poët. and late prose form of φαρμακεία ,

[in LXX: Exodus 7:11; Exodus 7:22; Exodus 8:7; Exodus 8:18 (3, 14) (H3909, H2748), Isaiah 47:9; Isaiah 47:12 (H3785) Wisdom of Solomon 12:4; Wisdom of Solomon 18:13*;]

1. generally, the use of medicine, drugs or spells (Xen.).

2. (a) poisoning (Plut., Polyb.);

(b) sorcery, witchcraft: Galatians 5:20 (v. Lft., in l), Revelation 9:21 (WH, txt., φαρμάκων ) Revelation 18:23 (cf. LXX, ll. c.).†

φάρμακον , -ου , τό ,

[in LXX for H3785;]

(a) a drug;

(b) an incantation, enchantment: Revelation 9:21, Tr., mg., WH, txt. (RV, sorceries).†

φαρμακεῖα , see φαρμακία .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";am careful,"; ";give heed,"; is found in the NT only in Tit. 3:8, where it is followed by inf. (see Proleg. p. 206 f.) : cf. P Ryl II. 78.26 (A.D. 157) φρόντισον εὐθέως πέμψαι τὸν ληψόμενον αὐτόν, ";take care to send somebody at once to take it"; (Edd.), and P Grenf II. 77.15 (iii/iv A.D.) (= Selections, p. 121) φροντίσατε οὖν τὰ ἀναλωθέντα ἑτοιμάσαι, ";see to it therefore that you furnish the sums expended.";

Elsewhere the verb is construed (1) c. gen., as in BGU I. 249.20 (ii/A.D.) φρόντισον δ᾽ ἐμοῦ χορίου δερμάτ (ων) ἑξακοσίων, ib, 300.4 (A.D. 148) φροντιοῦντά μου τῶν ἐν Ἀρσινοείτῳ ὑπαρχόντων, P Oxy VII. 1072.8 (v/vi A.D.) σπούδασον φροντίσαι τοῦ νέου λάκκου τοῦ γιγνομένου σὺν θεῷ ἐν τῳ κτήματι ἱερέων, ";hasten to give heed to the new pond which is being made by the help of God in the priests’ estate"; (Ed.). (2) c. ace, as in P Lond 28.5 (c. B.C. 162) (= I. p. 43, UPZ i. p. 343) φροτίσαι (l. φροντίσαι) μοι σιτάριον, P Par 45.2 (B.C. 152) (= UPZ i. p. 329) πεφρόντικα ὑπὲρ σοῦ χρήσιμα τῶν σῶν πραγμάτων. (3) c. ἵνα as in P Tebt I. 33.2 (B.C. 112) (= Selections, p. 30) φρόν ]τισον οὖν ἵνα γένη (ται) ἀκολούθως, ";take care that its instructions are followed"; (with reference to a letter), and so.7. (4) c. ὅπως (μή), as in P Hib I. 170.1 (B.C. 247) (= Witkowskis.2, p. 27) φρόντισον δέ, ὅπως μηκέτι ἀπὸ τούτων παρακούσει ἡμῶν, and (5) c. ὡς, as in P Tebt I. 10.6 (B.C. 119) φρόντισον ὡς τὰ τῆς ὑποσχέσεως ἐκπληρωθήσεται, ";stake care that the terms of his agreement are fulfilled"; (Edd.)

For the subst. φροντίς, cf. P Tebt I. 33.17 (B.C. 112) (= Selections, p. 31) τὴν μεγίστην φροντίδα ποιουμένου, ";taking the greatest care,"; P Amh II. 135.6 (early ii/A.D.) τὴ (ν) φροντίδα πάντων ποιεῖν ὡς ἰδίων σου, ";look after everything as if it were your own"; (Edd.), and for φροντιστής, see Preisigke Fachwörter, p. 179, and Wörterbuch s.v.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φαρμακεία φαρμακείᾳ φαρμακείαις φαρμακειων φαρμακια φαρμακία φαρμακίᾳ pharmakeia pharmakeía pharmakeíāi
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