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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5356 - φθορά

Transliteration
phthorá
Phonetics
fthor-ah'  
Word Origin
from (5351)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
9:93,1259
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. corruption, destruction, perishing
    1. that which is subject to corruption, what is perishable
    2. in the Christian sense, eternal misery in hell
  2. in the NT, in an ethical sense, corruption i.e. moral decay
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1238 ‑ בָּקַק (baw‑kah');  2256 ‑ חֶבֶל (kheh'‑bel, khay'‑bel);  5034 ‑ נֵבֶל (naw‑bale');  7845 ‑ שַׁחַת (shakh'‑ath);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (9) NAS (9) HCS (9)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
Galatians 1
Colossians 1
2 Peter 3
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
Galatians 1
Colossians 1
2 Peter 3
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
Galatians 1
Colossians 1
2 Peter 4
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASF 3
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 3
N-NSF 1
N-ASF 3
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 3
N-NSF 1
N-ASF 3
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 3
N-NSF 1
NA WH
N-ASF 3
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 3
N-NSF 1
N-ASF 3
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φθορ-ά,

Ion. φθορή, ἡ, (φθείρω)

destruction, ruin, Hdt. 2.161, 7.18, Hp. Vict. 1.5, A. Ag. 406 (lyr.), etc.; of persons, death, esp. by some general visitation, as pestilence, Th. 2.47, Pl. Lg. 677a (pl.), GDI 5104c11 (Crete, pl.); ἀνδροθνῆτας Ἰλίου φθοράς A. Ag. 814. of animals, loss by death, PStrassb. 24.26,31 (ii A. D.).

2. Philos., passing out of existence, ceasing to be, γενομένῳ παντὶ φ. ἐστι Pl. R. 546a; περὶ γενέσεως καὶ φθορᾶς Id. Phd. 95e, title of work by Arist., cf. Pl. Phlb. 55a, Arist. Ph. 229b13, Galatians 6:6; ἡ φ. μεταβολή τίς ἐστι τῶν φθειρομένων εἰς τοὐναντίον ἑκάστῳ Plu. 2.948f: pl., Pl. Phd. 96b, R. 490e, al.: with dat. (instrumental), ἡ μεγίστηφθορὰ ὕδασιν Id. Ti. 23c, cf. 22d.

3. deterioration, εἰς καρπογονίαν in respect of.. Thphr. CP 5.8.2. loss by deterioration, ἐκφορίου.. ἀνυπολόγου πάο ης φθορᾶς PTeb. 105.3, 18 (ii B. C.); damage, ἐκτεῖσαι τὴν γεγονυῖαν ὑπ' αὐτῶν τοῦ χόρτου.. φ. BGU 1824.29 (i B. C.); misspelt φθαρά ib. 1866.3 (i B. C.).

4. seduction, ἐλευθέρων Lexap. Aeschin. 1.12; παρθένων, γυναικῶν, Plu. 2.712c (pl.), Vett.Val. 2.37 (pl.), cf. Parth. 35.3, D.H. 2.25; rape, Str. 6.1.6.

5. abortion or miscarriage, IG 22.1365.22, 1366.7, Sor. 1.56, Gal. 17(1).800; τοῦ ἐμβρύου Sor. 1.59.

6. gradation of colours in painting, Plu. 2.346a; τὰς μίξεις τῶν χρωμάτων οἱ ζωγράφοι φθορὰς ὀνομάζουσι ib.725c, cf. 393c.

7. = cross φθόη, Hp. Aph. 7.80.

8. storm-tossings or shipwrecks, τί τοι λέγοιμ' ἂν τὰς ἐν Αἰγαίῳ φθοράς; E. Hel. 766; cf. φθείρω 11.4.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

φθορά, φθορᾶς, (φθείρω), from Aeschylus and Herodotus down:

1. corruption, destruction, perishing (opposed to γένεσις, origin, often in Plato, Aristotle, Plutarch; opposed to σωτηρία, Plato, Phileb., p. 35 e.; for שַׁחַת, Psalm 102:4 (); Jonah 2:7): Romans 8:21 (on which see δουλεία); 2 Peter 2:12a (some (cf. R. V. marginal reading) take φθορά here actively: εἰς φθοράν, to destroy); ἐν φθορά, in a state of corruption or decomposition (of the body at burial), 1 Corinthians 15:42; by metonymy, that which is subject to corruption, what is perishable, opposed to ἀφθαρσία, 1 Corinthians 15:50; in the Christian sense, the loss of salvation, eternal misery (which elsewhere is called ἀπώλεια), Colossians 2:22 (see ἀπόχρησις); opposed to ζωή αἰώνιος, Galatians 6:8, cf. Schott ad loc. 2. in the N. T. in an ethical sense, corruption i. e. moral decay: 2 Peter 1:4; 2 Peter 2:12{b} (some take the word here actively (R. V. text in their destroying), others refer it to 1 above), 2 Peter 2:19; with τῆς ζωῆς added, Wis. 14:12.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φθορά , -ᾶς , (< φθείρω ),

[in LXX for H7845, H2256, etc.;]

destruction, corruption, decay (v. Mayor on 2Pe, App.,175 ff.): Romans 8:21, 1 Corinthians 15:42, Colossians 2:22, 2 Peter 2:12; opp. to ζωὴ αἰώνιος , Galatians 6:8; by meton., of that which is subject to corruption, 1 Corinthians 15:50; of moral decay, 2 Peter 1:4; 2 Peter 2:12; 2 Peter 2:19 (cf. Wisdom of Solomon 14:12).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";a sound,"; ";a voice"; : cf. P Lond 1912.27 (A.D. 41) γνησιωτέραις ὑμᾶς φωναῖς προσαγορεύσας, ";addressing you more frankly by word of mouth,"; P Ryl II. 77.46 (A.D. 192) ἔχομεν δὴ φωνὴν τοῦ Ἀσπιδᾶ, ";we now have the declaration Oi Aspidas"; (Edd.). In one of the family letters of Paniskos (iii/iv A.D.) from the Michigan papyri edited by J. G. Winter in the Journ. Egypt. Arch. xiii. p. 72.21 we find πολλάκι [ς ] φωνὴν αυ ̣̓[τῷ ] ἐβά [λομ ]ε ̣ν ἵνα ἔλ ̣[θῃ ] πρὸς τὸν ἐπανορθωτὴ (ν) Ἀχιλλ [έα, ";we sent him word repeatedly that he might come to the epanorthotes Achilles";—a phrase for which the editor can find no parallel.

For the power of the divine voice cf. Wünsch AF p. 23.24 (iii/A.D.) διὰ φωνῆς προστάγματος, where the editor compares Psa. 32꞉9 [MT Psa. 33:9] αὐτὸς εἶπεν, καὶ ἐγενήθησαν. The word is used of Coptic speech in P Lond 77.13 (end vi/A.D.) (= I. p. 232) τῇ τῶν Αἰγυπτίων φωνῇ : cf. also P Giss I. 40ii .27 (A.D. 215) (= Chrest. I. p. 39).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φθορα φθορά φθορὰ φθορᾷ φθοραν φθοράν φθορὰν φθορας φθοράς φθορᾶς phthora phthorà phthorā̂i phthoran phthorán phthoràn phthoras phthorâs
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