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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5357 - φιάλη

Word Origin
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a broad shallow bowl, deep saucer
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3563 ‑ כּוֹס (koce);  4219 ‑ מִזְרָק (miz‑rawk');  6170 ‑ עֲרֻגָה (ar‑oo‑gaw', ar‑oo‑gaw');  7083 ‑ קֶסֶת (keh'‑seth);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (12) NAS (12) HCS (12)
Revelation 12
Revelation 12
Revelation 12

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φῐάλη [], , bowl or pan used as a saucepan for boiling liquids, ἀμφίθετος φ. ἀπύρωτος Il. 23.270; also used as a cinerary urn, [ ὀστέα] ἐν χρυσεῃ φ. καὶ δίπλακι δημῷ θείομεν ib. 243, cf. 253.

2. after Hom., broad, fiat bowl or saucer for drinking or pouring libations, φιάλας τε καὶ ἄλλα ἐκπώματα Hdt. 9.80, cf. 2.151, 7.54; δωροφοροῦσιν.. φιάλας Ar. V. 677 (anap.); οἰνοδόκον φ. χρυσῷ πεφρικυῖαν Pi. I. 6 (5). 40; ἀργυρωθέντες σὺν οἰνηραῖς φ. Id. N. 10.43; of gold, Hdt. 2.151, 7.54, Pi. I. 1.20, Pl. Criti. 120a (pl.), PCair.Zen. 21.16 (iii B. C., s. v. l.), Revelation 5:8, etc.; ἔλαβε σύμβολον παρὰ βασιλέως τοῦ μεγάλου φ. χρυσῆν Lys. 19.25; of silver, Pi. N. 9.51, IG 12.313.15, al., Lys. 12.11, PCair.Zen. 327.5, al. (iii B. C.); ἀργυρηλάτους χρυσέας τε φ. E. Ion 1182; φ. λυκιουργεῖς D. 49.31; as a votive offering, Hdt. 1.50, PTeb. 6.27 (ii B. C.), etc.; πίνειν ἐκ φ. μεγάλης ἐπὶ δεξιά Pl. Smp. 223c, cf. X. Smp. 2.23; φ. καρυωτή, v. καρυωτός 11. used for unguents, ἄλλος δ' εὐῶδες μύρον ἐν φ. παρατείνει Xenoph. 1.3; for administering medicines, IG 42(1).122.125 (Epid., iv B. C.). τὸ ἐκ φιάλης revenue, perh. from a collecting-bowl, IG 11(2).161 A 116 (Delos, iii B. C.), cf. Inscr.Delos 442 A 156 (ii B. C.).

II from its broad flat shape, φιάλη Ἄρεως metaph. for ἀσπίς, shield, cited from Tim. (Fr. 22) by Antiph. 112, cf. Anaxandr. 80, Arist. Rh. 1412b35.

III ornament used in a coffered ceiling, Agatharch. 102. The form φιέλη was less Att., Moer. p.389 P.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

φιάλη, φιαλης, , from Homer down, the Sept. for מִזְרָק, a broad, shallow bowl, deep saucer (Dict. of Antiq. under the word Patera; B. D. American edition under the word, Vial): Revelation 5:8; Revelation 15:7; Revelation 16:1-4, 8, 10, 12, 17; Revelation 17:1; Revelation 21:9.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φιάλη , -ης , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H4219;]

a shallow bowl (= Lat. patera), used for pouring libations, etc.: Revelation 5:8; Revelation 15:7; Revelation 16:1-17; Revelation 17:1; Revelation 21:9.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For ";light"; opposed to ";darkness,"; see P Leid Wvi. 44 (ii/iii A.D.) (=11. p. 101) φωτὸς καὶ σκότους. In the imprecatory corse Syll 891 (= .3 1240).20 the prayer is uttered that the victim shall enjoy μηδὲ οἴκου, μὴ φωτός, μὴ χρήσεως, μηδὲ κτήσεως. The plur. is applied to ";window-lights"; in P Lond 1179.62 (ii/A.D.) (= III. p. 146) φῶτα θυρίδων, and to ";torches,"; as in Act. 16:29, in BGU III. 909.15 (A.D. 359) ἐπελθόντες. . . τῇ ἡμετέρᾳ οἰκίᾳ καὶ φῶτα ἐπενεν ̣κ ̣[όν ]τες ἐνέπρησαν αὐτὴν ἐκ θεματίου. Cf. ib. IV. 1201.10 (A.D. 2) where φωτί takes the place of πυρί or φλογίεὕρωμεν τὰς θύρας τοῦ ἱεροῦ Σαράπειδος θεοῦ μεγίστου ὑφημένας (l. ὑφημμένας) φωτί. This last passage may illustrate Mar. 14:54 θερμαινόμενος πρὸς τὸ φῶς, where we should translate with the AV ";warmed himself at the fire"; : see C. H. Turner Comm. ad I. in Gore’s New Commentary.

The subst. is applied metaph. to those who impart light, as in Syll 888 (=.31238).2 (c. A.D. 160) where a wife is described as τὸ φῶς τῆς οἰκίας, and in P Ryl II. 77.34 (A.D. 192) μιμοῦ τὸν πα ̣[τ ]ε ̣ρα τὸν φιλότιμον τὸν [γ ]έρ ̣ον ̣τ ̣α φῶτα. See also the Christian sepulchral inscr. P Hamb I. 22.4 (iv/A.D.), where Christ is invoked—ὃς τυφλοῖσιν ἔδωκας ἰδεῖν φάος ἠελίοιο (cf. Mat. 9:27ff., al.), and the Christian amulet BGU III. 954.28 (vi/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 134)—

ὁ φῶς ἐκ φωτός, θ (εὸ)ς ἀληθινὸς χάρισον

ἐμὲ τὸν δοῦλόν σου τὸ φῶς.

Φῶς is naturally common in the magic papyri, e.g. P Lond 121.563 (iii/A.D.) (=1. p. 102) ἐν φωτὶ κραταιῷ καὶ ἀφθάρτῳ : cf. the verse of BGU II. 597.33 (A.D. 75) cited s.v. φωσφόρος.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φιάλαι φιαλας φιάλας φιάλη φιαλην φιάλην φιαλών phialas phiálas phialen phialēn phiálen phiálēn
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