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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #60 - ἀγοραῖος

Word Origin
from (58)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. in, of or belonging to the market place
  2. frequenting the market place
    1. hucksters, petty traffickers, retail dealers
    2. idlers, loungers, the common sort, low, mean vulgar
  3. generally, proper to the assembly, suited to forensic speaking, business-like transactions
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (2) HCS (2)
Acts 2
Acts 2
Acts 2

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀγοραῖος [ᾰγ], ον, (fem. -αία epith. of Artemis and Athena, v. infr.):


1. in, of, or belonging to the ἀγορά, Ζεὺς Ἀ. as guardian of popular assemblies, Hdt. 5.46, A. Eu. 973 (lyr.), E. Heracl. 70; Ἑρμῆς Ἀ. as patron of traffic, Ar. Eq. 297, cf. IPE 12.128 (Olbia), IG 12(8).67 (Thasos), Paus. 1.15.1; Ἄρτεμις Ἀ. at Olympia, Id. 5.15.4; Ἀθηνᾶ Ἀ. at Sparta, Id. 3.11.9; generally, θεοὶ ἀ. A. Ag. 90.

2. of things, τὰ ἀ. details of market-business, Pl. R. 425c.


1. frequenting the market, ὁ ἀ. ὄχλος X. HG 6.2.23; δήμου εἶδος Arist. Pol. 1291b19, etc.; τὸ ἀ. πλῆθος.. τὸ περὶ τὰς πράσεις καὶ τὰς ὠνὰς καὶ τὰς ἐμπορίας καὶ καπηλείας διατρῖβον ib. 1291a4: — ἀγοραῖοι (with or without ἄνθρωποι), οἱ, those who frequented the ἀγορά, Hdt. 1.93, 2.141; opp. ἔμποροι, X. Vect. 3.13, but = traders (i.e. sutlers), Ael. Tact. 2.2: hence, the common sort, low fellows, Ar. Ra. 1015, Pl. Prt. 347c, Thphr. Char. 6.2; of agitators, Acts 17:5, Plu. Aem. 38: Comp., the baser sort, Ptol. Euerg. 1. Adv. -αίως, λέγειν D.H. Rh. 10.11.

2. of things, vulgar, σκώμματα Ar. Pax 750; τοὺς νοῦς ἀ. ἧττον.. ποιῶ Id. Fr. 471; ἀ. φιλία (opp. ἐλευθέριος) Arist. EN 1162b26; common, ἄρτοι Lync. ap. Ath. 3.109d.

III generally, proper to the ἀγορά,

1. skilled in, suited for forensic speaking, Plu. Per. 11, al.: — ἀγοραος (sc. ἡμέρα) court-day, assize, τὰς ἀ. ποιεῖσθαι Str. 13.4.12; ἄγειν τὴν ἀ. Epist. Galb. ap. J. AJ 14.10.21, cf. Acts 19:38, IGRom. 4.790. Adv. -ως in forensic style, Plu. CG 4, Ant. 24.

2. ἀγοραῖος, ὁ, = tabellio, notary, Aristid. Or. 50(26).94, Edict.Diocl. 7.41, Gloss.; also, pleader, advocate, in pl., Philostr. VA 6.36. ἀγοραῖος, ἡ, market-day, IGRom. 4.1381 (Lydia). (The distn. ἀγόραιος vulgar, ἀγοραῖος public speaker, drawn by Ammon., etc., is prob. fictitious.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀγοραῖος (rarely ), (ἀγορά), relating to the marketplace;

1. frequenting the market-place (either transacting business, as the κάπηλοί, or) sauntering idly (Latinsubrostranus,subbasilicanus, German Pfiastertreter, our loafer): Acts 17:5 (Plato, Prot. 347 c. ἀγοραῖοι καί φαῦλοι, Aristophanes ran. 1015, others).

2. of affairs usually transacted in the marketplace: ἀγοραῖοι (namely, ἡμέραι (Winer's Grammar, 590 (549)) or σύνοδοι (Meyer and others)) ἄγονται, judicial days or assemblies (A. V. marginal reading court-days), Acts 19:38 (τὰς ἀγοραίους ποιεῖσθαι, Strabo 13, p. 932), but many think we ought to read ἀγοραῖοι here, so G L cf. Winers Grammar, 53 (52); but see (Alford and Tdf. at the passage; Lipsius, Gram. Untersuch., p. 26;) Meyer on Acts 17:5; Göttling, p. 297; (Chandler edition 1, p. 269).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* ἀγοραῖος , -ον

(<ἀγορά ),

1. frequenting the ἀγορά , a lounger in the ἀγορά (Xen., al.): Acts 17:5.

2. In late writers (Strab., al.), proper to the ἀγορά : ἀγοραῖοι (sc. ἥμεραι ) ἄγονται (cf. Lat. conventus agere), court-days are kept, Acts 19:38 (for exx. of both usages, v. MM, VGT, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Prof. Lake (Earlier Epistles of St. Paul, p. 69 n.1) regards ἀγοραίων in Acts 17:5 as ";agitators,"; in view of Plutarch Aemil. Paul. 38, ἀνθρώπους ἀγεννεῖς καὶ δεδουλευκότας, ἀγοραίους δὲ καὶ δυναμένους ὄχλον συναγαγεῖν, a neat double parallel. In Syll 553.63 (ii/B.C.) it is used of ";merchants,"; ";dealers."; The grammarian Ammonius (iv/A.D.) would distinguish ἀγοραῖος = ἐν ἀγορᾷ τιμώμενος from ἀγόραιος = ἐν ἀγορᾷ τεθραμμένος : Crönert remarks that the MSS. vary. For the special use seen in Acts 19:38, ἀγοραῖοι ἄγονται καὶ ἀνθύπατοί εἰσιν, Wilcken (Archiv iv. l.c. under ἀγορά) can only cite from the papyri P Oxy III. 471.126 (an advocate’s speech, ii/A.D.) [τὰ ] τοῦ. [. . . . .] ἀγοραίου κριτήρ [ια, where it is derived from ἀγορά = forum. (He quotes a striking parallel to the whole phrase of Ac l.c. from P Flor I. 61.46 (A.D. 86–8) ὅπου διαλογισμοὶ καὶ ἡγέμονες παραγενόμενοι.) In OGIS 484.60 (ii/A.D.), however, an imperial rescript addressed to the Pergamenes, we find ταῖς ἀγοραίοις πιπρασκομένων : unfortunately there are gaps on each side, but the gender shows ἡμέραι is understood, denoting in this connexion ";market days."; See also Ramsay’s notes on the ἀγοραία (σύνοδος), conventus iuridicus, at Apamea, C. and B. nos. 294, 295 (ii. p. 461, also p. 428) : also Cagnat IV. 790 and note.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αγοραιοι αγοραίοι ἀγοραῖοι αγοραιων αγοραίων ἀγοραίων αγορασμοίς αγορασμόν αγορασμούς agoraioi agoraîoi agoraion agoraiōn agoraíon agoraíōn
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