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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4843 - מָרַר

Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to be bitter

1a) (Qal) to be bitter

1b) (Piel)

1b1) to show bitterness

1b2) to make bitter

1c) (Hiphil) to make bitter, embitter

1d) (Hithpalpel)

1d1) to embitter oneself

1d2) to be enraged

2) (TWOT) to be strong, strengthen

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4089 ‑ πικρός (pik‑ros');  2373 ‑ θυμόω (thoo‑mo'‑o);  3710 ‑ ὀργίζω (or‑gid'‑zo);  544 ‑ ἀπειθέω (ap‑i‑theh'‑o);  3600 ‑ ὀδυνάω (od‑oo‑nah'‑o);  4090 ‑ πικρῶς (pik‑roce');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (16) NAS (15) HCS (15)
Genesis 1
Exodus 2
Ruth 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Kings 1
Job 1
Isaiah 3
Lamentations 1
Daniel 2
Zechariah 1
Genesis 1
Exodus 1
Ruth 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Kings 1
Job 1
Isaiah 3
Lamentations 1
Daniel 2
Zechariah 1
Genesis 1
Exodus 2
Ruth 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Kings 1
Job 1
Isaiah 3
Lamentations 1
Daniel 2
Zechariah 1
P-r 1
v-pi1cs 1
v-ww3ms 2
P-r 1
v-pi1cs 1
v-ww3ms 1
P-r 1
v-pi1cs 1
v-ww3ms 2

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1296) rm (מר MR) AC: ? CO: Bitter AB: Weak: The pictograph m is a picture of water, the r is a picture of a head. Combined these mean "water head" or headwaters. (eng: marine; marsh)

A) rm (מר MR) AC: ? CO: Bitter AB: ?: The headwaters of a river are only a trickle and have stagnant pools causing the water to be bitter. Something that is bitter of taste or attitude. Rebellion is one with a bitter attitude.

Nm) rm (מר MR) - I. Bitter: II. Trickle:From the little water at the headwaters of a river. KJV (39): bitter, bitterness, bitterly, chafed, angry, discontented, heavy - Strongs: H4751 (מַר), H4752 (מַר)

Nf1) erm (מרה MRH) - Bitterness: KJV (1): bitterness - Strongs: H4787 (מָרָּה)

fm) irm (מרי MRY) - Bitter: KJV (23): rebellious, rebellion, bitter, rebel - Strongs: H4805 (מְרִי)

km) rmm (ממר MMR) - Bitterness: KJV (1): bitterness - Strongs: H4470 (מֶמֶר)

B) rrm (מרר MRR) AC: ? CO: Bitter AB: ?: The headwaters of a river are only a trickle and have stagnant pools causing the water to be bitter. Rebellion is one with a bitter attitude.

V) rrm (מרר MRR) - Bitter: KJV (16): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) bitterness, bitter, bitterly, choler, grieve, provoke, vex - Strongs: H4843 (מָרַר)

Nf1) errm (מררה MRRH) - Bile: The bitter stomach fluid. KJV (1): gall - Strongs: H4845 (מְרֵרָה)

bf3) tfrirm (מרירות MRYRWT) - Bitter: Bitterness KJV (1): bitterness - Strongs: H4814 (מְרִירוּת)

cm) rfrm (מרור MRWR) - Bitter: KJV (3): bitter, bitterness - Strongs: H4844 (מְרוֹר)

cf1) erfrm (מרורה MRWRH) - Venom: The bitter fluids of a serpent. KJV (4): gall, bitter - Strongs: H4846 (מְרוֹרָה)

acm) rfrmm (ממרור MMRWR) - Bitter: KJV (1): bitterness - Strongs: H4472 (מַמְּרֹרִים)

bfm) irirm (מרירי MRYRY) - Bitter: KJV (1): bitter - Strongs: H4815 (מְרִירִי)

idm) rfrmt (תמרור TMRWR) - Bitter: KJV (3): bitter, bitterly - Strongs: H8563 (תַּמְרוּרִים)

C) rma (אמר AMR) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Weak: A weakness from a bitter sickness.

V) rma (אמר AMR) - Weak: [df: lma] KJV (16): (vf: Paal) languish, feeble, weak - Strongs: H535 (אָמַל)

Nm ) rma (אמר AMR) - Weak: [df: llma] KJV (1): feeble - Strongs: H537 (אֲמֵלָל)

em ) rmia (אימר AYMR) - Lamb: A weak animal. [Aramaic only] KJV (3): lamb - Strongs: H563 (אִמַּר)

om) rmfa (אומר AWMR) - Weak: [df: llma] KJV (1): weak - Strongs: H536 (אֻמְלַל)

D) ram (מאר MAR) AC: Irritate CO: ? AB: ?: A bitter irritation from disease.

V) ram (מאר MAR) - Irritate: KJV (4): (vf: Hiphil) fretting, pricking - Strongs: H3992 (מָאַר)

F) rme (המר HMR) AC: ? CO: Pit AB: ?: The bitterness of the water in a stagnant pit.

af1) ermem (מהמרה MHMRH) - Pit: A deep hole. KJV (1): deep pit - Strongs: H4113 (מַהֲמֹרוֹת)

G) rem (מהר MHR) AC: Hurry CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]

V) rem (מהר MHR) - I. Hurry: II. Purchase:To pay the price for a wife. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (66): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) haste, swift, quick, soon, speed, headlong, rash, fearful, ready, short, straightway, suddenly, endow - Strongs: H4116 (מָהַר), H4117 (מָהַר)

Nm) rem (מהר MHR) - Quickly: KJV (18): quickly, speedily, hastily, soon, suddenly, at once - Strongs: H4118 (מַהֵר)

Nf1) erem (מהרה MHRH) - Quickly: KJV (20): quickly, speedily, speed, soon, swiftly, hastily, shortly - Strongs: H4120 (מְהֵרָה)

bm) riem (מהיר MHYR) - Ready: In the sense of being quick. KJV (4): ready, diligent, hasting - Strongs: H4106 (מָהִר)

gm) refm (מוהר MWHR) - Dowry: [Unknown connection to root] KJV (3): dowry - Strongs: H4119 (מֹהַר)

H) erm (מרה MRH) AC: ? CO: Bitter AB: ?

V) erm (מרה MRH) - Bitter: To be bitter or rebellious. KJV (44): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) rebel, rebellious, provoke, disobedient, against, bitter, change, disobey, grievously, provocation - Strongs: H4784 (מָרָה)

gm) erfm (מורה MWRH) - I. Razor:[Unknown connection to root] II. Archer:One who throws an arrow. III. Razor:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (3): razor - Strongs: H4177 (מוֹרָה)

J) rfm (מור MWR) AC: Exchange CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]

V) rfm (מור MWR) - Exchange: KJV (14): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil) change, remove, exchange - Strongs: H4171 (מוּר)

Nm) rfm (מור MWR) - Myrrh: A sweet smelling spice. Used as an exchange due to its monetary value. KJV (12): myrrh - Strongs: H4753 (מוֹר)

Nf1) erfm (מורה MWRH) - Grief: As an exchange. KJV (1): grief - Strongs: H4786 (מֹרָה)

if1) erfmt (תמורה TMWRH) - Exchange: KJV (6): exchange, change, recompense, restitution - Strongs: H8545 (תְּמוּרָה)

L) rmi (ימר YMR) AC: ? CO: Exchange AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]

V) rmi (ימר YMR) - Exchange: KJV (2): (vf: Hiphil, Hitpael) change, boast - Strongs: H3235 (יָמַר)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. מָרַר verb be bitter (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian marâru and derivatives Dl HWB 427; Arabic become roused (of bile), II. make bitter, IV. become bitter; bitter; Ethiopic ; Aramaic , מְרַר); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular מַר Isaiah 38:17 2t.; 3 feminine singular מָ֫רָה 1 Samuel 30:6; 2 Kings 4:27; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יֵמַר Isaiah 24:9; — be bitter:

1 literal יֵמַר שֵׁכָר לְשֹׁתָיו Isaiah 24:9.

2 figurative מָ֫רָה נֶפֶשׁ 1 Samuel 30:6 the soul of all the people was bitter against (עַלֿ); נַפְשָׁהּ מָ֫רָהלָֿהּ 2 Kings 4:27 her soul, it is bitter to her (i.e. she is in bitter distress); impersonal מַרלִֿי מְאֹד מִכֶּם Ruth 1:13 it is very bitter to me on your account (I am much distressed), compare Lamentations 1:4. — לְשָׁלוֺם מַרלִֿי מָ֑ר Isaiah 38:17 is dubious; Che Comm. for ( my) welfare was it ( so) bitter to me, ( so) bitter, compare Brd; so De Kau (treating מר apparently as adjective ); < Drechsl. Di for my welfare did the bitter become bitter to me (מָ֑ר adjective); Lo Gr, compare Buhl (sub מַר adjective ), read מָר for מַר (√ מור), the bitter is changed for me into welfare; Che Hpt strike out מָ֑ר; Du (after ᵐ5) strike out clause as gloss.

Pi`el Imperfect 1 singular אֲמָרֵר Isaiah 22:4; 3 masculine plural וַיְמָֽרֲרוּ Exodus 1:14, suffix וַיְמָֽרֲרֻהוּ Genesis 49:23; — make bitter, shew bitterness:

1׳וַיְמ Genesis 49:23 (poem) and the archers shewed bitterness (i.e. bitter hostility) toward him (suffix of indirect object); אֲמָרֵר בַּבֶּכִ֑י Isaiah 22:4 I will shew bitterness in weeping (= weep bitterly).

2אֶתחַֿיֵּיהֶם ׳וַיְמ Exodus 1:14 (P) and they made their lives bitter by slavery.

Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הֵמַר Ruth 1:20; Job 27:2; Imperfect 2 masculine singular תַּמֵּר Exodus 23:21 (but read תֶּ֫מֶרמרה

Hiph`il q. v.); Infinitive absolute הָמֵר Zechariah 12:10 (twice in verse); — make bitter, shew bitterness:

1שַׁדַּי הֵמַר נַפְשִׁי Job 27:2 Shadday, who hath embittered my soul; הֵמַר שַׁדַּי לִי מְאֹד Ruth 1:20.

2וְהָמֵר עָלָיו כְּהָמֵר עַלהַֿבְּכוֺר Zechariah 12:10 and a bitter outcry (= literally shewing bitterness; "" מִסְמֵּד, סָפַד) over him, like a bitter outcry over the first-born.

Hithpalpel Imperfect וְיִתְמַרְמַר Daniel 11:11 and the king of the south shall embitter himself (be enraged); אֶלֿ׳וַיִּתְמ Daniel 8:7 and he was enraged against.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
List of Word Forms
אֲמָרֵ֣ר אמרר הֵמַ֥ר המר וְהָמֵ֥ר וְיִתְמַרְמַר֙ וַֽיְמָרֲרֻ֖הוּ וַיְמָרְר֨וּ וַיִּתְמַרְמַ֤ר והמר וימררהו וימררו ויתמרמר יֵמַ֥ר ימר כְּהָמֵ֥ר כהמר מַר־ מָֽרָה־ מר־ מרה־ תַּמֵּ֣ר תמר ’ă·mā·rêr ’ămārêr amaRer hê·mar heMar hêmar kə·hā·mêr kehaMer kəhāmêr mā·rāh- mar mar- marah mārāh- tam·mêr tamMer tammêr vaiyitmarMar vaymaraRuhu vaymareRu vehaMer veyitmarMar way·mā·ră·ru·hū way·mā·rə·rū way·yiṯ·mar·mar waymārăruhū waymārərū wayyiṯmarmar wə·hā·mêr wə·yiṯ·mar·mar wəhāmêr wəyiṯmarmar yê·mar yeMar yêmar
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