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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5358 - נָקַם

Transliteration
nâqam
Phonetics
naw-kam'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1413
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to avenge, take vengeance, revenge, avenge oneself, be avenged, be punished

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to avenge, take vengeance

1a2) to entertain revengeful feelings

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to avenge oneself

1b2) to suffer vengeance

1c) (Piel) to avenge

1d) (Hophal) to be avenged, vengeance be taken (for blood)

1e) (Hithpael) to avenge oneself

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 292 ‑ ἀμύνομαι (am‑oo'‑nom‑ahee);  469 ‑ ἀνταπόδοσις (an‑tap‑od'‑os‑is);  1559 ‑ ἐκδιώκω (ek‑dee‑o'‑ko);  3886 ‑ παραλύω (par‑al‑oo'‑o);  467 ‑ ἀνταποδίδωμι (an‑tap‑od‑ee'‑do‑mee);  1817 ‑ ἐξανίστημι (ex‑an‑is'‑tay‑mee);  2920 ‑ κρίσις (kree'‑sis);  1556 ‑ ἐκδικέω (ek‑dik‑eh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (35) NAS (34) HCS (35)
Genesis 2
Exodus 2
Leviticus 2
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 1
Judges 2
1 Samuel 3
2 Kings 1
Esther 1
Psalms 3
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 7
Ezekiel 3
Nahum 1
Genesis 2
Exodus 2
Leviticus 2
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 1
Judges 2
1 Samuel 3
2 Kings 1
Esther 1
Psalms 3
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 7
Ezekiel 3
Nahum 1
Genesis 2
Exodus 3
Leviticus 2
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 1
Judges 2
1 Samuel 3
2 Kings 1
Esther 1
Psalms 3
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 7
Ezekiel 4
Nahum 3
BYZ TIS TR
n-cms 1
v-nc 2
v-ni1cs 1
v-ni3ms 2
v-np1cs 2
v-nvmp 1
v-nvms 1
v-pp1cs 2
v-qPms 3
v-qvms 1
v-tPms 2
v-ti3fs 3
n-cms 1
v-nc 2
v-ni1cs 1
v-ni3ms 2
v-np1cs 2
v-nvmp 1
v-nvms 1
v-pp1cs 2
v-qPms 3
v-qvms 1
v-tPms 2
v-ti3fs 3
n-cms 1
v-nc 2
v-ni1cs 1
v-ni3ms 2
v-np1cs 2
v-nvmp 1
v-nvms 1
v-pp1cs 2
v-qPms 3
v-qvms 1
v-tPms 2
v-ti3fs 3
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2433) mqn (נקמ NQM) AC: Avenge CO: ? AB: Vengeance: [from: mq- one who raises the hand to avenge another]

V) mqn (נקמ NQM) - Avenge: KJV (35): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Hophal, Piel) avenge, vengeance, revenge, take, avenger, punish - Strongs: H5358 (נָקַם)

Nm) mqn (נקמ NQM) - Vengeance: KJV (17): vengeance, quarrel, avenge - Strongs: H5359 (נָקָם)

Nf1) emqn (נקמה NQMH) - Vengeance: KJV (27): vengeance, revenge - Strongs: H5360 (נְקָמָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [נָקַם] verb avenge, take vengeance ( Sirach 46:1 e להנקם נקמי אויב (Niph`al + accusative of congnate meaning with verb); נקם, noun also Sirach 12:6 (compare Deuteronomy 32:41), Sirach 39:30; Sirach 48:7; Late Hebrew נָקַם especially in derivatives; Aramaic נְקַם (rare), in derived species; Arabic take vengeance ( upon), Lane3037; compare Ethiopic Di458 vindictae studium, ultionis cupido; Assyrian i‡‡imu, vengeance, requital, is possibly from √ אקם Jäger BAS ii. 279); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular suffix נְקָמֵ֫נִי 1 Samuel 24:13; Imperfect יִקּוֺם Deuteronomy 32:43; יִקֹּם Joshua 10:13; 2 masculine singular תִּקֹּם Leviticus 19:18; Infinitive absolute נָקֹם Exodus 21:20; construct נְקֹם Ezekiel 24:8; Ezekiel 25:12; Imperative נְקֹם Numbers 31:2; Participle נִקֵם Nahum 1:2 3t.; feminine נֹקֶ֫מֶת Leviticus 26:25; —

1 avenge, take vengeance:

a. God subjectדַּם עֲבָדָיו יִקּוֺם Deuteronomy 32:43 the blood of his servants he avengeth (against those who slew them) (+ 1 Kings 2:5 ᵐ5 L Klo); ׳נ absolute Nahum 1:2 (twice in verse) with לְ (against Nineveh) Nahum 1:2; נָקָם׳נ (against Jerusalem) Ezekiel 24:8; עַלעֲֿלִילוֺהָם on their doings (his people's) Psalm 99:8; נְקַם בְּרִית׳נ Leviticus 26:25 (H) the vengeance of the covenant (against those who break it); נְקָמַנִי 1 Samuel 24:13, with מִן of person from whom vengeance is taken (compare Jeremiah 20:10).

b. Israel and its leaders against their enemies, נקמה׳נ with מִן against whom Numbers 31:2 (P); with accusative יִקֹּם אֹיְבָיו Joshua 10:13 (poem).

c. Edom against Judahנקם לְ ׳נ Ezekiel 25:12.

d. in administration of justice against murder Exodus 21:20 (E).

2 entertain revengeful feelings (opposed to אהב) against neighbour forbidden Leviticus 19:18 (H).

Niph`al Perfect 1 singular נִקַּ֫מְתִּי Judges 15:7; 1 Samuel 14:24; 3 masculine plural נִקְּמוּ Ezekiel 25:12; imperfect יִנָּקֵם Exodus 21:20; 1 singular אִנָָּֽקְמָה Judges 16:28; Isaiah 1:24; 3 masculine plural יִנָָּֽקְמוּ Ezekiel 25:15; Infinitive הִנָּקֵם Jeremiah 46:10 2t.; Imperative הִנָּ֫קֶם Jeremiah 15:15; plural הִנָָּֽקְמוּ Jeremiah 50:15: —

1 avenge oneself,

a.׳י subject with מִן of adversary Isaiah 1:24; Jeremiah 46:10; with מִן advers., לְ for whom Jeremiah 15:15; with בְּ adversary Jeremiah 50:15.

b. of Israel and champions with מִן Judges 16:28; 1 Samuel 14:24; Esther 8:13; with בְּ Judges 15:7; 1 Samuel 18:25.

c. of enemies against Israel נקם׳נ Ezekiel 25:15; with בְּ Ezekiel 25:12.

2 suffer vengeance (of law against murder) Exodus 21:20 (E).

Piel Perfect 1 singular נִקַּ֫מְתִּי 2 Kings 9:7; Jeremiah 51:36; — avenge, ׳י subject דָּמִים מיד 2 Kings 9:7 blood at hands of; נִקְמָתֵךָ׳נ Jeremiah 51:36 take vengeance for thee.

Hoph`al Imperfect יֻקַּם Genesis 4:24; Exodus 21:21, יֻקָּ֑ם Genesis 4:15 be avenged, vengeance be taken (for blood).

Hithpa`el Imperfect תִּתְנַקֵּם Jeremiah 5:9,29; Jeremiah 9:8; Participle מִתְנַקֵּם Psalm 8:3; Psalm 44:17; avenge oneself, ׳י subject לֹא תִתְנַקֵּם׳נַפְשִׁי בְּ Jeremiah 5:9,29; Jeremiah 9:8; of Israel's enemies אוֺיֵבוּמִתְנַקֵּם Psalm 8:3; Psalm 44:17.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
List of Word Forms
בִּנְקֹ֥ם בנקם הִנָּ֣קְמוּ הנקמו וְ֝נֹקֵ֗ם וְאִנָּקְמָ֖ה וְאִנָּקְמָ֧ה וְהִנָּ֤קֶם וְנִקְּמ֥וּ וְנִקַּמְתִּ֖י וְנִקַּמְתִּ֞י וְנִקַּמְתִּי֙ וְנֹקֵם֙ וַיִּנָּקְמ֤וּ וּמִתְנַקֵּֽם׃ וּנְקָמַ֥נִי ואנקמה והנקם וינקמו ומתנקם׃ ונקם ונקמו ונקמני ונקמתי יִנָּקֵֽם׃ יִקֹּ֥ם יִקּ֑וֹם יֻקַּ֔ם יֻקַּם־ יֻקָּ֑ם ינקם׃ יקום יקם יקם־ לְהִנָּקֵ֖ם לְהִנָּקֵ֣ם לִנְקֹ֣ם להנקם לנקם נְקֹ֗ם נִקַּ֥מְתִּי נָקֹ֖ם נֹקֵ֤ם נֹקֵ֥ם נֹקֶ֙מֶת֙ נקם נקמת נקמתי תִקֹּ֤ם תִתְנַקֵּ֖ם תקם תתנקם bin·qōm binKom binqōm hin·nā·qə·mū hinNakemu hinnāqəmū lə·hin·nā·qêm lehinnaKem ləhinnāqêm lin·qōm linKom linqōm nā·qōm naKom nāqōm nə·qōm neKom nəqōm nikKamti niq·qam·tî niqqamtî nō·qe·meṯ nō·qêm noKem noKemet nōqêm nōqemeṯ tikKom ṯiq·qōm ṯiqqōm ṯiṯ·naq·qêm titnakKem ṯiṯnaqqêm ū·miṯ·naq·qêm ū·nə·qā·ma·nî umitnakKem ūmiṯnaqqêm unekaMani ūnəqāmanî vaiyinnakeMu vehinNakem veinnakeMah venikkamTi venikkeMu venoKem way·yin·nā·qə·mū wayyinnāqəmū wə’innāqəmāh wə·’in·nā·qə·māh wə·hin·nā·qem wə·niq·qam·tî wə·niq·qə·mū wə·nō·qêm wəhinnāqem wəniqqamtî wəniqqəmū wənōqêm yikKom yin·nā·qêm yinnaKem yinnāqêm yiq·qō·wm yiq·qōm yiqqōm yiqqōwm yukKam yuq·qam yuq·qām yuq·qam- yuqqam yuqqām yuqqam-
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