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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #56 - אָבַל

Transliteration
'âbal
Phonetics
aw-bal'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
6
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to mourn, lament

1a) (Qal) to mourn, lament

1a1) of humans

1a2) of inanimate objects (figuratively)

1a2a) of gates

1a2b) of land

1b) (Hiphil)

1b1) to mourn, cause to mourn (figuratively)

1c) (Hithpael)

1c1) to mourn

1c2) play the mourner

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2400 ‑ ἰδού (id‑oo');  4133 ‑ πλήν (plane);  4727 ‑ στενάζω (sten‑ad'‑zo);  2354 ‑ θρηνέω (thray‑neh'‑o);  3996 ‑ πενθέω (pen‑theh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (39) NAS (39) HCS (39)
Genesis 1
Exodus 1
Numbers 1
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 3
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Job 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 5
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 3
Daniel 1
Hosea 2
Joel 2
Amos 3
Genesis 1
Exodus 1
Numbers 1
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 3
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Job 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 5
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 3
Daniel 1
Hosea 2
Joel 2
Amos 3
Genesis 1
Exodus 1
Numbers 1
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 4
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Job 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 5
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 3
Daniel 1
Hosea 2
Joel 2
Amos 3
BYZ TIS TR
v-hp1cs 1
v-hw3msXa 1
v-qi3fs 4
v-qp3cp 5
v-qp3fs 5
v-qp3ms 4
v-tPfs 1
v-tPmp 2
v-tPms 3
v-ti2mp 1
v-ti3ms 2
v-tp3ms 1
v-tw1cs 1
v-tw3mp 3
v-tw3ms 4
v-hp1cs 1
v-hw3msXa 1
v-qi3fs 4
v-qp3cp 5
v-qp3fs 5
v-qp3ms 4
v-tPfs 1
v-tPmp 2
v-tPms 3
v-ti2mp 1
v-ti3ms 2
v-tw1cs 1
v-tw3mp 3
v-tw3ms 4
v-hp1cs 1
v-hw3msXa 1
v-qi3fs 4
v-qp3cp 5
v-qp3fs 5
v-qp3ms 4
v-tPfs 1
v-tPmp 2
v-tPms 3
v-ti2mp 1
v-ti3ms 2
v-tw1cs 1
v-tw3mp 3
v-tw3ms 4
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1035) lb (בל BL) AC: Flow CO: ? AB: Nothing: A flowing of any substance. (eng: ball; bowl; flow - with the exchange of the f for a b)

A) lb (בל BL) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Nothing: To come to nothing when effort is given.

Nm) lb (בל BL) - Nothing: KJV (9): none, not, nor, lest, nothing, not, neither, no - Strongs: H1077 (בַּל)

ef4) tilib (בילית BYLYT) - Except: A flowing away of all except one. Can also mean not or nothing in the sense of all things flowing away. [df: ytlb] KJV (30): but, except, save, nothing, lest, no, from, inasmuch - Strongs: H1115 (בִּלְתִּי)

fm ) ilb (בלי BLY) - Without: KJV (15): not, without, lack, confusion - Strongs: H1097 (בְּלִי), H1099 (בְּלִימָה)

if) lbt (תבל TBL) - I. Earth:A land flowing with substance. II. Confusion:An action that lacks any results. [Used in the sense of beastiality] KJV (38): world, habitable part, confusion - Strongs: H8397 (תֶּבֶל), H8398 (בֵּבֵל)

if4) tilbt (תבלית TBLYT) - Ruin: A complete flowing away of something by destruction. KJV (1): destruction - Strongs: H8399 (תַּבְלִית)

qm) flb (בלו BLW) - Tribute: [Unknown connection to root; Aramaic only] KJV (3): tribute - Strongs: H1093 (בְּלוֹ)

B) llb (בלל BLL) AC: Mix CO: Fodder AB: ?: A flowing or mixing of a liquid or solid.

V) llb (בלל BLL) - Mix: KJV (44): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) mingle, confound, anoint, mix - Strongs: H1101 (בָּלַל)

bm) lilb (בליל BLYL) - Fodder: A mixed feed for livestock. KJV (3): fodder, corn, provender - Strongs: H1098 (בְּלִיל)

idm) lflbt (תבלול TBLWL) - Cataract: The clouding color of the eyes that appear as a mixture. KJV (1): blemish - Strongs: H8400 (תְּבַלֻּל)

C) lba (אבל ABL) AC: Flow CO: Stream AB: ?: A flowing of tears.

V) lba (אבל ABL) - Mourn: KJV (39): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael) mourn, mourner, lament - Strongs: H56 (אָבַל)

Nf) lba (אבל ABL) - I. Meadow:A moist ground. II. Mourning:A flowing of tears. III. Surely:A flowing of certainty. KJV (44): mourning, plain, but, nevertheless - Strongs: H57 (אָבֵל), H58 (אָבֵל), H60 (אֵבֶל), H61 (אֲבָל)

om) lbfa (אובל AWBL) - Stream: A flowing of water. KJV (3): river - Strongs: H180 (אֻבָל)

E) alb (בלא BLA) AC: ? CO: Old AB: ?: A flowing away life.

Nm) alb (בלא BLA) - Old: [df: ywlb] KJV (3): old - Strongs: H1094 (בְּלוֹא)

F) lbe (הבל HBL) AC: ? CO: Empty AB: ?: A flowing out or away of contents.

V) lbe (הבל HBL) - Empty: Void of usefulness, to be vain. KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) become vain - Strongs: H1891 (הָבַל)

Nm) lbe (הבל HBL) - Emptyness: The state of being empty of contents or usefulness. KJV (73): vanity - Strongs: H1892 (הֲבֵל)

G) leb (בהל BHL) AC: Stir CO: ? AB: Trouble: The flowing of the insides through trouble, amazement, haste or anxiety.

V) leb (בהל BHL) - Stir: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (50): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Pual, Piel) haste, trouble, amaze, afraid, vex, rash, dismay, speedy, thrust out - Strongs: H926 (בָּהַל), H927 (בְּהַל)

Nf1) eleb (בהלה BHLH) - Trouble: KJV (4): trouble, terror - Strongs: H928 (בֶּהָלָה)

bm) lieb (בהיל BHYL) - Haste: [Aramaic only] [df: wlyhb] KJV (1): haste - Strongs: H924 (בְּהִילוּ)

H) elb (בלה BLH) AC: Wear CO: ? AB: Terror: A flowing away of function, life or strength.

V) elb (בלה BLH) - Wear Out: KJV (17): (vf: Paal, Piel) waxed old, old, consume, waste, enjoy - Strongs: H1086 (בָּלָה), H1089 (בָּלַהּ)

Nm) elb (בלה BLH) - Worn Out: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (6): old, wear out - Strongs: H1080 (בְּלָה), H1087 (בָּלֶה)

Nf1) eelb (בלהה BLHH) - Terror: A flowing away of the insides. KJV (10): terror - Strongs: H1091 (בַּלָּהָה)

J) lfb (בול BWL) AC: ? CO: Flood AB: ?: A large flowing of water. As the river rises and overflows its banks, the surrounding lands are flooded depositing the water for growing the crops.

Nm) lfb (בול BWL) - Food: The crops grown in the flood plains of rivers. KJV (2): food, stock - Strongs: H944 (בּוּל)

am) lfbm (מבול MBWL) - Flood: KJV (13): flood - Strongs: H3999 (מַבּוּל)

L) lbi (יבל YBL) AC: Flow CO: Stream AB: ?: A flowing of wealth, water or sound.

V) lbi (יבל YBL) - Flow: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (21): (vf: Hiphil, Hophal) carry, brought - Strongs: H2986 (יָבַל), H2987 (יְבַל)

Nm) lbi (יבל YBL) - Stream: A flowing body of water. KJV (2): stream, course - Strongs: H2988 (יָבָל)

Nf2) tlbi (יבלת YBLT) - Ulcer: A flowing lesion. KJV (1): wen - Strongs: H2990 (יַבֶּלֶת)

dm) lfbi (יבול YBWL) - Produce: The growth of fruits and crops from flooding waters. KJV (13): increase, fruit - Strongs: H2981 (יְבוּל)

gm) lbfi (יובל YWBL) - Trumpet: An instrument of flowing air to make a sound, also the horn of a ram used as a trumpet. KJV (27): jubilee, rams horn, trumpet - Strongs: H3104 (יֹבֵל)

om) lbfi (יובל YWBL) - Stream: A flowing body of water. KJV (1): river - Strongs: H3105 (יוּבַל)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. אָבַל39 verb mourn (Assyrian [ abâlu] see Dl w) —

Qal Perfect אָבַל Isaiah 24:7 2t. etc. Imperfect 3 feminine singular תֶּאֱבַל Hosea 4:3 3t. — mourn, lament (poetic & higher style); absolute, human subject Joel 1:9; Amos 8:8; Amos 9:5; Isaiah 19:8 ("" אנה) compare Job 14:22 (subject נַפְשׁוֺ); followed by על Hosea 10:5; more often figurative, inanimate subject, gates 1 Samuel 3:26; land 1 Samuel 24:4; 1 Samuel 33:9; Hosea 4:3; Joel 1:10; Jeremiah 4:28 (followed by על) Jeremiah 12:4; Jeremiah 23:10; compare Jeremiah 12:11 (followed by על), יְהוּדָה Jeremiah 14:2; pastures Amos 1:2.

Hithpa`el Perfect הִתְאַבֵּל 1 Samuel 15:35; Imperfect יִתְאַבָּ֑ל Ezekiel 7:12,27; וַיִּתְאַבֵּל Genesis 37:34 3t. etc.; Imperative feminine singular הִתְאַבְּלִי 2 Samuel 14:2; Participle מִתְאַבֵּל 1 Samuel 16:1 2t. etc.; — mourn (mostly prose) especially for dead, followed by על Genesis 37:34; 2 Samuel 13:37; 2 Samuel 14:2; 2 Samuel 19:2 "" בכה 2 Chronicles 35:24, compare also Isaiah 66:10 (over Jerusalem); absolute 1 Chronicles 7:22; compare 2 Samuel 14:2 play the mourner (where indicated by dress); over un-worthy Saul followed by אֶל 1 Samuel 15:35; 1 Samuel 16:1; over sin followed by על Ezra 10:6 compare (absolute) Nehemiah 8:9; judgment of ׳י Exodus 33:4 absolute (indicated by dress), Numbers 14:39; Ezekiel 7:27 (strike out B Co); followed by כִּי 1 Samuel 6:19; calamity Nehemiah 1:4; Ezekiel 7:12 compare Daniel 10:2.

Hiph`il Perfect הֶאֱבַלְתִּי Ezekiel 31:15; Imperfect וַיַּאֲבֶלֿ Lamentations 2:8; — cause to mourn; Ezekiel 31:15 absolute ᵑ0, but A B Co object תהום followed by על, caused the deep to mourn over; Lamentations 2:8 object wall etc.; (both these figurative, compare Qal).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
List of Word Forms
אָֽבְלוּ֙ אָבְלָ֖ה אָבְלָ֣ה אָבְלָ֤ה אָבְלָ֥ה אָבַ֤ל אָבַ֥ל אָבַ֨ל אבל אבלה אבלו הִֽתְאַבְּלִי־ הִתְאַבֵּ֥ל הֶאֱבַ֜לְתִּי הַמִּֽתְאַבְּלִ֖ים האבלתי המתאבלים התאבל התאבלי־ וְאָ֣בְל֔וּ וְאָֽבְלוּ֙ וְאָבְל֖וּ וְאָבַ֖ל וַיִּֽתְאַבְּל֣וּ וַיִּֽתְאַבְּל֥וּ וַיִּתְאַבֵּ֖ל וַיִּתְאַבֵּ֛ל וַיִּתְאַבֵּ֥ל וַיִּתְאַבָּ֑לוּ וַיַּֽאֲבֶל־ וָאֶתְאַבְּלָ֖ה ואבל ואבלו ואתאבלה ויאבל־ ויתאבל ויתאבלו יִתְאַבָּ֑ל יִתְאַבָּ֗ל יתאבל מִֽתְאַבְּלִ֖ים מִתְאַבֵּ֔ל מִתְאַבֵּ֖ל מִתְאַבֵּ֣ל מִתְאַבֶּ֖לֶת מתאבל מתאבלים מתאבלת תִּֽתְאַבְּל֖וּ תֶּאֱבַ֣ל תֶּאֱבָֽל׃ תאבל תאבל׃ תתאבלו ’ā·ḇal ’ā·ḇə·lāh ’ā·ḇə·lū ’āḇal ’āḇəlāh ’āḇəlū aVal aveLah aveLu ham·miṯ·’ab·bə·lîm hammiṯ’abbəlîm hammitabbeLim he’ĕḇaltî he·’ĕ·ḇal·tî heeValti hiṯ’abbêl hiṯ’abbəlî- hiṯ·’ab·bə·lî- hiṯ·’ab·bêl hitabBel hitabbeli miṯ’abbêl miṯ’abbeleṯ miṯ’abbəlîm miṯ·’ab·be·leṯ miṯ·’ab·bə·lîm miṯ·’ab·bêl mitabBel mitabBelet mitabbeLim te’ĕḇal te’ĕḇāl te·’ĕ·ḇal te·’ĕ·ḇāl teeVal tiṯ’abbəlū tiṯ·’ab·bə·lū titabbeLu vaetabbeLah vaiyaavel vaiyitabBalu vaiyitabBel vaiyitabbeLu veaVal veaveLu wā’eṯ’abbəlāh wā·’eṯ·’ab·bə·lāh way·ya·’ă·ḇel- way·yiṯ·’ab·bā·lū way·yiṯ·’ab·bə·lū way·yiṯ·’ab·bêl wayya’ăḇel- wayyiṯ’abbālū wayyiṯ’abbêl wayyiṯ’abbəlū wə’āḇal wə’āḇəlū wə·’ā·ḇal wə·’ā·ḇə·lū yiṯ’abbāl yiṯ·’ab·bāl yitabBal
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