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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #8334 - שָׁרַת

Transliteration
shârath
Phonetics
shaw-rath'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2472
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) (Piel) to minister, serve, minister to

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 103 ‑ ᾄδω (ad'‑o);  1248 ‑ διακονία (dee‑ak‑on‑ee'‑ah);  1249 ‑ διάκονος (dee‑ak'‑on‑os);  1398 ‑ δουλεύω (dool‑yoo'‑o);  2100 ‑ εὐαρεστέω (yoo‑ar‑es‑teh'‑o);  2240 ‑ ἥκω (hay'‑ko);  2324 ‑ θεράπων (ther‑ap'‑ohn);  3000 ‑ λατρεύω (lat‑ryoo'‑o);  3008 ‑ λειτουργέω (li‑toorg‑eh'‑o);  3011 ‑ λειτουργός (li‑toorg‑os');  3936 ‑ παρίστανω (par‑is'‑tay‑mee, par‑is‑tan'‑o);  3010 ‑ λειτουργικός (li‑toorg‑ik‑os');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (97) NAS (97) HCS (96)
Genesis 2
Exodus 10
Numbers 10
Deuteronomy 5
Joshua 1
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 5
2 Kings 3
1 Chronicles 8
2 Chronicles 9
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Esther 3
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 3
Ezekiel 14
Joel 3
Genesis 2
Exodus 10
Numbers 10
Deuteronomy 5
Joshua 1
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 5
2 Kings 3
1 Chronicles 8
2 Chronicles 9
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Esther 3
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 3
Ezekiel 14
Joel 3
Genesis 2
Exodus 10
Numbers 9
Deuteronomy 5
Joshua 1
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 5
2 Kings 3
1 Chronicles 8
2 Chronicles 10
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Esther 3
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 3
Ezekiel 17
Joel 4
BYZ TIS TR
v-pPfs 1
v-pPmp 17
v-pPmpc 8
v-pPmpcX1cs 1
v-pPms 6
v-pc 20
v-pi3mp 8
v-pp3cp 1
v-pp3ms 2
v-pw3ms 2
v-pPfs 1
v-pPmp 17
v-pPmpc 8
v-pPmpcX1cs 1
v-pPms 6
v-pc 20
v-pi3mp 8
v-pp3cp 1
v-pp3ms 2
v-pw3ms 2
v-pPfs 1
v-pPmp 17
v-pPmpc 8
v-pPmpcX1cs 1
v-pPms 6
v-pc 20
v-pi3mp 8
v-pp3cp 1
v-pp3ms 2
v-pw3ms 2
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2884) trs (סהרת ShRT) AC: Serve CO: ? AB: Service

V) trs (סהרת ShRT) - Serve: To be in service to another. KJV (97): (vf: Piel) minister, serve, servant, service, servitor, waited - Strongs: H8334 (שָׁרַת)

Nm) trs (סהרת ShRT) - Service: KJV (2): ministry, minister - Strongs: H8335 (שָׁרֵת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [שָׁרַת]97 verb Pi`el minister, serve (compare Late Hebrew שֵׁרוּת (temple-) ministry, Phoenician משרת ministry, and perhaps verb שרת minister); —

Pi`el Perfect 3 masculine singular שֵׁרֵת Numbers 8:26; Deuteronomy 18:7; 3 masculine plural שֵׁרְתוּ Numbers 3:6; Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיְשָׁ֫רֶת Genesis 39:4,3masculine plural יְשָֽׁרְתוּ Numbers 3:31 +, etc.; Infinitive construct לְשָׁרֵת Exodus 28:35 +, לְשָׁ֫רֶת שָׁם Deuteronomy 17:12, etc.; Participle מְשָׁרֵת Numbers 11:28 + ( 2 Samuel 13:9 see מַשְׂרֵת, p. 602:a), feminine מְשָׁרַת 1 Kings 1:15, etc.; — serve:

1 of ministerial service (opposed tomenial, עבד):

a. higher domestic service: Joseph Genesis 39:4; Genesis 40:4 (JE), Elisha's chief servant 2 Kings 4:43; 2 Kings 6:15, royal domestics 2 Samuel 13:17,18; 1 Kings 10:5; 2 Chronicles 9:4; Esther 2:2; Esther 6:3, Abishag 1 Kings 1:4,15.

b. of royal officers (late) 1 Chronicles 27:1; 1 Chronicles 28:1; 2 Chronicles 17:19; 22:8; Esther 1:10; Proverbs 29:12.

c. Joshua as chief assistant to Moses Exodus 24:13; Exodus 33:11 (E), Numbers 11:28 (J), Joshua 1:1 (D), Elisha to Elijah 1 Kings 19:21.

d. of angels to׳י Psalm 103:21, compare Psalm 104:4.

e. of kings of nations in prophets Isaiah 60:10.

2 usually of special service in worship:

a. of Levitical priests, absolute 1 Kings 8:11 2 Chronicles 5:14; with accusative ׳י Deuteronomy 10:8; Deuteronomy 17:12; Deuteronomy 21:5; Jeremiah 33:21 #NAME?מְשָֽׁרְתֵי אֹתִי Jeremiah 33:22; also Isaiah 60:7 of animals put figurative for those sacrificing them; of foreigners admitted to priesthood Isaiah 61:6, compare Isaiah 56:6; so probably Samuel conceived as priest 1 Samuel 2:11; 1 Samuel 3:1, ׳את פני י 1 Samuel 2:18 (פני probably accusative, compare ᵐ5 τῷ προσώπῳ 1 Samuel 2:11), ׳בְּשֵׁם י׳שׁ Deuteronomy 18:5,7.

b. Levites (P, and late); with accusative of Aaronic priests Numbers 3:6; Numbers 8:26; Numbers 18:2, with accusative of ׳י 1 Chronicles 15:2; 2 Chronicles 29:11 a; probably also in reference to Levitical singer Psalm 101:6; with accusative tabernacle Numbers 1:50 (P), congregation Numbers 16:9 (P), people Ezekiel 44:11 + Ezekiel 44:12 (of idolatry); absolute 1 Chronicles 16:4; 2 Chronicles 23:6; 29:11; b 2 Chronicles 31:2; Ezra 8:17 (participle as substantive, ministers); לִפְנֵי׳שׁ ׳אֲרוֺן בְּרִית י 1 Chronicles 16:37, נֶגֶד הַכֹּהֲנִים׳שׁ 2 Chronicles 8:14; ׳שׁ with ב location 1 Chronicles 26:12; especially with בְּ, of sacred vessels Numbers 3:31; Numbers 4:9,12,14; 2 Kings 25:14 = Jeremiah 52:18; בַּשִּׁיר 1 Chronicles 6:17.

c. Zadokite priests (Ezekiel), absolute Ezekiel 42:14 3t., with accusative ׳י Ezekiel 40:48 4t., construct מְשָׁרֲתֵי before sacred place Ezekiel 45:4,5; Ezekiel 46:24.

d. Aaronic priests, absolute Exodus 28:35 4t. P; with accusative ׳י 1 Chronicles 23:13; ׳לי 2 Chronicles 13:10; ׳מְשָֽׁרְתֵי י Joel 1:9,13; Joel 2:17, מְשָֽׁרְתֵי מזבח Joel 1:13, with בַּקֹּדֶשׁ Exodus 28:43 4t. P.

e. of idolatry, with accusativeעץ ואבן Ezekiel 20:32.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
List of Word Forms
בְּשָֽׁרְתָ֗ם בשרתם הַמְשָׁ֣רְתִ֔ים הַמְשָׁרְתִ֖ים הַמְשָׁרְתִ֣ים הַמְשָׁרְתִ֨ים הַמְשָׁרְתִ֪ים המשרתים וְהַמְשָׁרְתִ֣ים וְשֵׁרְת֖וּ וְשֵׁרֵ֕ת וְשֵׁרֵ֨ת וִֽישָׁרְת֑וּךָ וַיְשָׁ֣רֶת וַיְשָׁרְתֵֽהוּ׃ וַתְּשָׁ֣רְתֵ֔הוּ וּֽלְשָׁרְת֖וֹ וּֽמְשָׁרְתִ֖ים וּלְשָׁרֵ֜ת וּמְשָׁ֨רְת֜וֹ והמשרתים וישרת וישרתהו׃ וישרתוך ולשרת ולשרתו ומשרתו ומשרתים ושרת ושרתו ותשרתהו יְֽשָׁרְת֧וּ יְשָֽׁרְתוּ־ יְשָׁרְת֑וּנֶךְ יְשָׁרְת֖וּ יְשָׁרְת֤וּ יְשָׁרְת֥וּ יְשָׁרְתֵֽנִי׃ יְשָׁרְתֻ֑הוּ יְשָׁרְתוּ־ ישרתהו ישרתו ישרתו־ ישרתונך ישרתני׃ לְשָֽׁרְתֵ֑נִי לְשָֽׁרְתָֽם׃ לְשָֽׁרְתוֹ֙ לְשָׁ֣רְת֔וֹ לְשָׁ֤רֶת לְשָׁרְת֛וֹ לְשָׁרְתֵ֑נִי לְשָׁרְתָֽם׃ לְשָׁרְתֽוֹ׃ לְשָׁרֵ֑ת לְשָׁרֵ֔ת לְשָׁרֵ֕ת לְשָׁרֵ֖ת לְשָׁרֵ֞ת לְשָׁרֵ֣ת לְשָׁרֵ֥ת לְשָׁרֵ֧ת לְשָׁרֵת֙ לשרת לשרתו לשרתו׃ לשרתם׃ לשרתני מְ֝שָׁרְתָ֗יו מְשָֽׁרְתוֹ֙ מְשָׁ֣רְת֔וֹ מְשָׁ֣רְתִ֔ים מְשָׁ֣רְתָ֔יו מְשָׁרְת֑וֹ מְשָׁרְתִ֑ים מְשָׁרְתִ֖ים מְשָׁרְתִ֜ים מְשָׁרְתִ֣ם מְשָׁרְתִ֤ים מְשָׁרְתִ֥ים מְשָׁרְתֵ֖י מְשָׁרְתֵ֣י מְשָׁרְתֵ֤י מְשָׁרְתֵ֥י מְשָׁרְתֵ֨י מְשָׁרְתָ֑יו מְשָׁרְתָ֜יו מְשָׁרְתָ֥יו מְשָׁרְתָֽי׃ מְשָׁרֵ֖ת מְשָׁרֵ֥ת מְשָׁרֵ֨ת מְשָׁרֵת֙ מְשָׁרַ֖ת מְשָׁרְתָ֜יו משרת משרתו משרתי משרתי׃ משרתיו משרתים משרתם bə·šā·rə·ṯām bəšārəṯām beshareTam ham·šā·rə·ṯîm hamšārəṯîm hamshareTim lə·šā·rə·ṯām lə·šā·rə·ṯê·nî lə·šā·rə·ṯōw lə·šā·reṯ lə·šā·rêṯ ləšāreṯ ləšārêṯ ləšārəṯām ləšārəṯênî ləšārəṯōw leshaRet leshareTam leshareTeni leshareTo mə·šā·raṯ mə·šā·rə·ṯāw mə·šā·rə·ṯāy mə·šā·rə·ṯê mə·šā·rə·ṯim mə·šā·rə·ṯîm mə·šā·rə·ṯōw mə·šā·rêṯ məšāraṯ məšārêṯ məšārəṯāw məšārəṯāy məšārəṯê məšārəṯim məšārəṯîm məšārəṯōw meshaRat meshaRet meshareTai meshareTav meshareTei meshareTim meshareTo ū·lə·šā·rə·ṯōw ū·lə·šā·rêṯ ū·mə·šā·rə·ṯîm ū·mə·šā·rə·ṯōw ūləšārêṯ ūləšārəṯōw uleshaRet uleshareTo ūməšārəṯîm ūməšārəṯōw umeshareTim umeShareTo vatteShareTehu vaySharet vayshareTehu vehamshareTim vesheRet veshereTu vishareTucha wat·tə·šā·rə·ṯê·hū wattəšārəṯêhū way·šā·rə·ṯê·hū way·šā·reṯ wayšāreṯ wayšārəṯêhū wə·ham·šā·rə·ṯîm wə·šê·rə·ṯū wə·šê·rêṯ wəhamšārəṯîm wəšêrêṯ wəšêrəṯū wî·šā·rə·ṯū·ḵā wîšārəṯūḵā yə·šā·rə·ṯê·nî yə·šā·rə·ṯū yə·šā·rə·ṯū- yə·šā·rə·ṯu·hū yə·šā·rə·ṯū·neḵ yəšārəṯênî yəšārəṯū yəšārəṯū- yəšārəṯuhū yəšārəṯūneḵ yeshareTeni yeshareTu yeshareTunech yesharTuhu
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